Gecko Feet Don’t Stick Around

This allows for weak forces between molecules, called van der Waals forces and frictional adhesion, to become strong enough to support a lizard’s weight. The tokay gecko has some 6.5 million setae, which together generate enough force “to hold up two skinny guys or one fat guy,” Gamble says. “If all the setae had full contact with the substrate, [with that amount of adhesion] you could have a Spider-Man suit.” Reconstructing feet Engineers who want to emulate the lizard’s feats will have to construct precisely designed mechanical feet. “People making gecko adhesive have just been concerned with stickiness, like flypaper,” Gamble explains. “But as soon as you want to make something move in the real world, you must know how to make it stick and unstick on different inclines and different materials and at different speeds.” Since hundreds of gecko species have adhesive toepads, it could be tough choosing one to use as a model. “If you don’t know how they’re related, you may do a lot of unnecessary work looking at every species,” Gamble continues. “But if you know how they’re grouped evolutionarily, you can compare representative species from each of the 11 groups that evolved toepads independently. Then you can figure out what characteristics lineages with toepads have in common.” The crested, or eyelash, gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) is native to New Caledonia. Photo: Tony Gamble This way, he says, one can glean best practices for assembling an adhesive toepad, filter out lineages that may be redundant, and ignore traits that may be unique to just one lineage.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.umn.edu/news/features/2012/UR_CONTENT_394753.html

Day Gecko Care – Terrarium Set Up and the Best Supplies

Hello, Frank Indiviglio here.  Gaily clad in brilliant, neon-hued colors, Day Geckos (Phelsuma spp.) are among the most desirable of all lizard pets, so here is a short article about Day Gecko care.  Many are hardy, long-lived, and relatively simple to breed…but only if they are housed in a properly-designed habitat.  Active and alert, these cautious animals fare poorly in bare enclosures, but are ideally suited for life in naturalistic, planted terrariums.  The security provided by dense plantings and well-placed branches will put Day Geckos at ease and allow you to view a wide range of fascinating behaviors.

Setting up the Terrarium

Day Geckos are highly arboreal and must have climbing opportunities.  “High-style” aquariums make fine homes.  A pair or trio of Spotted, Yellow-Throated or other small species can be kept in a 15-20 gallon aquarium.  A 30-55 gallon tank will accommodate the same number of Standing’s, Madagascar or Giant Day Geckos.  Always opt for the largest terrarium possible.

Phelsuma madagascariensis

Photo uploaded to Wikipedia Commons by Manuel Werner, Nürtingen, Germany

Day Geckos need spacious enclosures that mimic their natural habitat.  Live plants such as Pothos and Philodendron will provide visual barriers between tank-mates and a sense of security.  Rolled cork bark and hollow bamboo sections make ideal hideaways and perching sites, and should be arranged both horizontally and vertically.

Be sure to establish plenty of basking sites near heat and UVB bulbs, as dominant individuals may exclude others from these important areas.

The terrarium’s screen lid must be tightly secured with clamps.

Substrate

A mix of potting soil, cypress mulch and sphagnum moss is ideal.

Light

Day Geckos will not thrive without a source of UVB light (but some notable exceptions are known; please see article below).  Natural sunlight is best, but be aware that glass and plastic filter out UVB rays, and that fatal overheating can occur very quickly.

Your geckos should be able to bask within 6-12 inches of a high-output UVB florescent bulb; the Zoo Med 10.0  Bulb, which I have used at the Bronx and Staten Island Zoos, has been shown to out-perform other florescent models.  Mercury vapor and halogen bulbs broadcast UVB over greater distances, and emit beneficial UVA radiation as well.  Be sure to provide shaded areas.

A daytime period of 12-14 hours should be established.

Heat

Ambient temperatures of 82-88 F, with a basking spot of 90-95 F, will suit most (please post below for information on individual species).

Incandescent spotlights may be used by day; ceramic heaters or red/black reptile “night bulbs” are useful after dark.

Provide your pets with the largest home possible, so that a thermal gradient (areas of different temperatures) can be established.  Thermal gradients, critical to good health, allow reptiles to regulate their body temperature by moving between hot and cooler areas.  In small or poorly ventilated enclosures, the entire area soon takes on the basking site temperature.

Humidity

Most Day Geckos are rainforest dwellers and do best in humid surroundings.  Their terrarium should be misted at least twice daily. If your home is especially dry, consider using a small reptile fogger to raise the humidity levels in the terrarium (please see photo).t243860

Companions

Males will fight savagely and cannot be housed together. Females are territorial, and must be watched carefully. Pairs, trios (1 male, 2 females) and youngsters may co-exist in large enclosures, but be sure to check dominant individuals do not prevent others from feeding and basking.

Please check out my posts on Twitter and Facebook.  Each day, I highlight breaking research, conservation news and interesting stories concerning just about every type of animal imaginable.  I look forward to hearing about your interests and experiences as well, and will use them in articles when possible.

Please also post your questions and comments below…I’ll be sure to respond quickly. 

Thanks, until next time,

Frank Indiviglio

Further Reading

Keeping Day Geckos without a UVB Source

Gecko Overview

Leopard Gecko Care – The Ideal Gecko Terrarium – a Zookeeper’s Thoughts

Hello, Frank Indiviglio here.  Leopard Geckos (Eublepharis macularius) possess distinct personalities, accept handling, are easy to breed, do not require UVB radiation and are content with modestly-sized terrariums – surely as close to a “perfect reptile pet” as one can imagine.  However, while some have reached ages of 20+ years, Leopard Geckos will not thrive if their specific needs are not met.  Drawing from my work with this and related species at the Bronx and Staten Island Zoos, today I’ll describe the type of captive habitat these fascinating lizards require, and some useful products that will help you excel in Leopard Gecko care.  I’m also hoping to publish a revised edition of a book I’ve written on Leopard Geckos…I’ll try to include any interesting observations you might post below.

Male leopard gecko

Uploaded to Wikipedia Commons by MKGeckos

Natural History

Understanding an animal’s natural history is a critical first step in successful captive care and breeding.

The Leopard Gecko is found in southeastern Afghanistan, western India, Pakistan, Iraq, and Iran, where it frequents desert fringes and arid grasslands. Its habitat is characterized by sand, gravel, rocks, tough grasses and low shrubs (please see photo).  In the course of the year, temperatures may range from 41-104 F. Please see the article linked below for further information on Leopard Geckos in the wild.

Setting up the Terrarium

Leopard Geckos will do fine in simple homes, but naturalistic terrariums landscaped with rocks, driftwood and live plants make for stunning displays.  Aloes, Ox Tongue, Snake Plants and other arid-adapted species, all readily available, may be used to decorate Leopard Gecko terrariums.

 Leopard Geckos are not overly-active (by lizard standards) but should be given as much room as possible.  A single adult will get by in a 10-15 gallon aquarium, but a 20 gallon (long style) is preferable.  A 30-55 gallon terrarium will accommodate a pair or trio.

Leopard Geckos are ground-dwelling, but will utilize rocks and stout driftwood.  Rocks and other heavy objects should always be placed on the terrarium’s floor, not on the substrate, so that lizards cannot tunnel below and be crushed.

Several hide boxes or caves should be provided, preferably on both the cooler and warmer sides of the terrarium.  Please see “Humidity” and “Temperature” below for further information. 

As air flow is important for animals that are native to arid habitats, your terrarium should be equipped with a screen top.

Arid Scrb

Uploaded to Wikipedia Commons by Ton Rulkens

Substrate

Sand has long been used as a substrate for adult geckos in zoos and private collections, and I’ve not had any problems with it in either setting.  However, impactions due to swallowed sand are sometimes reported, and most pet keepers prefer to err on the side of caution.  Large gravel and stones, of a size that cannot be swallowed, are a good alternative.  You can mix in some dry grass to simulate a semi-desert environment.  If you do choose to add sand, it is best to provide food in large bowls, or in a separate enclosure, so that ingestion is limited.

Hatchlings are clumsy hunters, and tend to swallow sand.  Newspapers, paper towels or washable cage liners should be used until their skills improve.  Adults may also be kept in this manner if you prefer.

Light

Nocturnal lizards such as Leopard Geckos absorb Vitamin D3 from their diet, and do not need a UVB light source.

Heat

The ambient air temperature should range from 78-88 F.  A ceramic heater or red/black reptile “night bulb” (these will also enable you to observe your gecko after dark) can be used to maintain these temperatures at night.  A below-tank heat mat or bulb should be positioned so that one corner of the tank is warmer (to 88 F) that the rest.

Large enclosures are necessary if a thermal gradient (areas of different temperatures) is to be established.  Thermal gradients, critical to good health, allow lizards to regulate their body temperature by moving from hot to cooler areas.

Head, young male

Uploaded to Wikipedia Commons by Pop77o7

Humidity

Low humidity and a dry substrate should be maintained.  However, shedding problems will be likely if a cave stocked with moist sphagnum moss is not provided.  A dry hiding spot should also be available.

Companions

Leopard Geckos are solitary and best housed alone.  Females and youngsters may co-exist, but dominant individuals may prevent others from feeding.  Males will fight viciously and cannot be kept together.  Pairs may get along in a large terrarium, but close monitoring is the rule.

Feeding

Too many pet Leopard Geckos are fed diets comprised solely of crickets and mealworms, and as a result rarely live as long as they otherwise might.  The overuse of pink mice is another common mistake.  Please see this article  for information on providing a proper diet, and be sure to post any questions below.

Please check out my posts on Twitter  and Facebook.   Each day, I highlight breaking research, conservation news and interesting stories concerning just about every type of animal imaginable.  I look forward to hearing about your interests and experiences as well, and will use them in articles when possible.

Please also post your questions and comments below…I’ll be sure to respond quickly. 

Thanks, until next time,

Frank Indiviglio

 

Further Reading

Leopard Geckos in the Wild

Breeding Leopard Geckos

Interfaceware Commits To Making The Vision Of The Integrated Hospital A Reality At Himss15

Iguana To Star In Oswego Alumna Illustrator’s Exhibition In Syracuse | Oswego County Today

SUNY Oswego Metro Center

At the HIMSS15 Annual Conference and Exhibition, iNTERFACEWARE (Booth: #7827, Hall: North) will kick off their campaign, entitled The Integrated Hospital . Through a series of presentations, iNTERFACEWARE will demonstrate a vision of what can be achieved by hospitals when there is a clear commitment to interoperability. The presentations, focused on rooms within the hospital, will be collaborative as iNTERFACEWARE will be joined by two of their vendor partners; Seamless Medical Systems and Skylight Healthcare . We are in an unique position, where we can not only leverage our own integration expertise but also the workflow expertise of our provider clients and vendor partners, said Art Harrison, VP of Marketing, iNTERFACEWARE.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.prweb.com/releases/2015/04/prweb12645781.htm

Integrated Hospital

A large lot with access to about 180 parking spaces near Bagnell Dam will also be available for special circumstances. The owner has agreed to make it available for public parking during large special events and in emergency situations for other events. Page said the task force discussed progress on a survey looking at right of way along the Strip.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.newstribune.com/news/2015/apr/12/2-bagnell-dam-strip-parking-lots-nearly-ready-summ/

2 Bagnell Dam Strip parking lots nearly ready for summer | News Tribune

A free public reception for the artist will take place from 5 to 8 p.m. on May 21 at SUNY Oswego Metro Center in the Atrium building on Clinton Square in Syracuse. The Adventures of Ignatius the Iguana follows a character that Haig said, wanted to be famous for something good, so he ran away from home. The series is an ongoing tale of Ignatius and his pal, Pedro, as together they work their way through the challenges the world throws their way, the artist said. An assistant professor at the University of Tennessee-Martin, Haig earned her bachelor of fine arts degree in 2005 and master of arts in graphic design in 2007, both at SUNY Oswego. She also taught as an adjunct instructor at Oswego from 2007 to 2008.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://oswegocountytoday.com/iguana-to-star-in-oswego-alumna-illustrators-exhibition-in-syracuse/

Three New Species Of ‘mini-godzilla’ Found In Andes – Yahoo News

His team found and classified the three new species: Enyalioides altotambo, Enyalioides anisolepis and Enyalioides sophiarothschildae. All three boast “very striking colors and morphology,” he said, pointing out their protruding scales, serrated crests and shiny backs. The three species can grow up to about 40 centimeters (16 inches) long.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://news.yahoo.com/three-species-mini-godzilla-found-andes-093843674.html

Gigantic Marine Lizard’s Origin Story Gets a Rewrite : Discovery News

Othniel Charles Marsh, Yales first paleontologist, named one dinosaur a brontosaurus in 1879; two years earlier a similar dinosaur had been named anapatosaurus. However, in 1903 researchers decided they were the same beast and relegated the name brontosaurus to the sidelines. Its an amazing discovery thats shaking up the paleontology world. Were looking at the bones, and from head to tail, there are differences, said Richard Kissel of the Peabody Museum. If you look at the neck, and the angle in the vertebrae, its wider in one species than the other. It seems that Yale was in fact the first time around in calling the species a new name. The 150-million-year-old may have officially been calledapatosaurus for a century, but pop culture never got the memo: just check out The Flinstones or King Kong. You can find out more about thethunder lizard by clicking here or by visiting the Peabody MuseumMonday through Saturday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. andSunday noon to 5:00 p.m.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://foxct.com/2015/04/14/the-brontosaurus-is-back-for-a-victory-lap-at-yale/

The Brontosaurus is back for a victory lap at Yale | FOX CT

“The largest articulated skeleton of this animal was about 6 meters (19.7 feet) in length, but they probably grew even larger.” Artwork by Julius Csotonyi View Caption + Dinosaur Nest The discovery provides evidence for “nesting site fidelity,” according to Reisz, “as it looks like these dinosaurs liked this place and returned to it repeatedly to lay their eggs.” It’s also the oldest evidence in the fossil record for a highly organized nest, with eggs carefully laid in a single layer. Reisz and co-author David Evans, an associate curator of vertebrate paleontology at the Royal Ontario Museum, are shown here standing next to a nest in plaster at the site.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://news.discovery.com/animals/gigantic-marine-lizards-origin-story-gets-a-rewrite-150413.htm

Is A Cruise Still A Good Value? | Fox News

Iguana To Star In Oswego Alumna Illustrator’s Exhibition In Syracuse | Oswego County Today

SUNY Oswego Metro Center

You can fool your consumers once, but they wont come on board again, explains Freed. If they dont see shrimp or smoked salmon, they wont be fooled. Today, consumers have the power of social media, and theyre smart. Theyre savvy. She cites the fine dining options at the complimentary restaurants on Quantum of the Seas [the lines latest launch until Anthem of the Seas debuts later this month] where they serve lobster, filets, and chateaubriand. Greg Poplewko, director of product development for Carnival Cruise Lines, said that his line has also focused on a smaller number of higher quality ingredients in dining venues that dont have an additional charge. The question was how we can be fiscally responsible, he said. As a result, youll see more limited menus at complimentary spots such as Guys Burger Joint and Blue Iguana Cantina. Chiron says that in addition to food, todays cruisers should expect to pay extra for spa treatments, casinos and shore excursions, and the more luxurious, the pricier theyll be. Lines are offering elaborate and expensive shore excursionsfrom private tours to activities like flightseeing and helicopter rides which can feel out of reach for the budget-conscious traveler. But extra fees exist for more mundane things.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.foxnews.com/travel/2015/04/13/is-cruise-still-good-value/

on May 21 at the gallery. A free public reception for the artist will take place from 5 to 8 p.m. on May 21 at SUNY Oswego Metro Center in the Atrium building on Clinton Square in Syracuse. The Adventures of Ignatius the Iguana follows a character that Haig said, wanted to be famous for something good, so he ran away from home. The series is an ongoing tale of Ignatius and his pal, Pedro, as together they work their way through the challenges the world throws their way, the artist said. An assistant professor at the University of Tennessee-Martin, Haig earned her bachelor of fine arts degree in 2005 and master of arts in graphic design in 2007, both at SUNY Oswego.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://oswegocountytoday.com/iguana-to-star-in-oswego-alumna-illustrators-exhibition-in-syracuse/

Iguana Cook-off Seeks Entries

None of these guys have cooked iguana before, store manager Kevin J. Shutt said.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://highlandstoday.com/hi/local-news/iguana-cook-off-seeks-entries-20150308/

To animal kingdom come | Culture |

Jewish Journal

For Natan, the museums rented space in what used to be a furniture warehouse in an industrial area is still not enough. Hes now looking to build a permanent campus. The shofars that used to decorate the Slifkin living room now get their own wall in the museum, allowing the occasion for Natan and his team of guides to discuss with visitors what makes a shofar kosher or not, handing the horns out to visitors to feel and touch. Years of conducting tours at the Biblical Zoo in Jerusalem, which is only tangentially biblical, as well as at the Los Angeles zoo during annual family trips to Southern California have made him realize that zoo tours typically are too remote, unfocused and unpredictable. In the zoo, a lion could be sleeping, and you may not be able to see it, Natan said in an interview. Everything at the museum is related to Tanakh. Here, at the guides discretion, even children get to hold the lizards, hamsters, fluffy bunnies and pythons. The taxidermied lion, Simba, serves as the tours centerpiece, introduced with the biblical story of Samsons encounter with lions just a few miles from where the museum now stands.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.jewishjournal.com/culture/article/to_animal_kingdom_come

Rain Didn’t Dampen Spirits At Scranton St. Patrick’s Parade – News – Citizens’ Voice

Photo: N/A, License: N/A, Created: 2015:03:14 13:28:44

I used to do it when I was a kid, 20-to-30 years ago, said Scranton resident Roy Rarick, who was with a large group of relatives including five children ages 6 to 17. Its a chance for the kids to come out and enjoy it and learn about the city and whats in the city. Its become a new tradition for others, like Jamelle Williams, whose family moved from Arizona to Scranton about three years ago. We love the festivities, the tradition you guys have, said Williams, who wore a curly green wig and shamrock-shaped glasses, and was flanked by his wife, Brittney, and their children, Malikai, 7, and Eli, 3. Its one of the most popular things about this town. [email protected], @kwindTT We welcome user discussion on our site, under the following guidelines: To comment you must first create a profile and sign-in with a verified DISQUS account or social network ID. Sign up here.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://citizensvoice.com/news/rain-didn-t-dampen-spirits-at-scranton-st-patrick-s-parade-1.1848351

Iguana Cook-off Seeks Entries

Well, not that theyre admitting to anyway. Weve already formed a niche in Highlands County for being the go-to retailer for exotic and wild game meats and weve only been open since mid-January. Though the storefront is new, Shutt and his team have been selling meat locally for about two years through word-of-mouth recommendations and social media marketing efforts. Tom Simmons, store owner, has been in the meat business for 30-plus years as a trader/broker. He is a leading importer of rabbit and handles all lines of protein from beef to poultry to pork, Shutt said.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://highlandstoday.com/hi/local-news/iguana-cook-off-seeks-entries-20150308/

Saving the Galapagos, saving ourselves – CNN.com

And Galapagos National Park is wrestling to balance a demand for more tourism with a mission to leave these precious ecosystems alone. All of these stories inspired my modern “Voyage of The Beagle” — a quest to see how Darwin’s ideas of adaptation hold up in a world of blazing-fast change. Aboard a funky, small boat called the Queen Mabel, we gained access to wild corners of the Galapagos where few people have ever been allowed to tread.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.cnn.com/2015/03/01/travel/galapagos-bill-weir-twl/index.html

Chameleons Change Color Thanks To Light Reflecting Cells, Study Reveals

Lizard Squad Claims To Have Intercepted Lenovo Emails After Website Defacement – Forbes

Lenovo site hijacked by Lizard Squad

For instance, a male chameleon might be in a relaxed state when it’s hanging out on a branch, and in an excited state when it sees a rival male. “When the skin is in the relaxed state, the nanocrystals in the iridophore cells are very close to each other hence, the cells specifically reflect short wavelengths, such as blue,” said study senior author Michel Milinkovitch, a professor of genetics and evolution at the University of Geneva in Switzerland.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://mashable.com/2015/03/13/chameleon-color-change/?utm_campaign=Mash-Prod-RSS-Feedburner-All-Partial&utm_cid=Mash-Prod-RSS-Feedburner-All-Partial&utm_medium=feed&utm_source=rss

Ive been breaking news and writing features on these topics for major publications since 2010. As a freelancer, I worked for The Guardian, Vice Motherboard, Wired and BBC.com, amongst many others. I was named BT Security Journalist of the year in 2012 and 2013 for a range of exclusive articles, and in 2014 was handed Best News Story for a feature on US government harassment of security professionals.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2015/02/25/lizard-squad-claims-to-have-access-to-lenovo-emails-after-website-defacement/?ss=Security

Nazi Dinosaurs, Mutants, and Go-Go Girls: Why You Need To Watch ‘Danger 5′ | Decider | Where To Stream TV & Movies on Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Instant, HBO Go

The show is also a must-see for any true comedy nerd. Every line of dialogue is beautifully written satire. Because the show is already couched in such extremes, the writers can get away with truly strange (and otherwise extremely offensive) lines.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://decider.com/2015/03/14/you-must-watch-danger-5/

Godzilla The Iguana Returned To La Pet Store After Man Caught Stealing The Lizard Sells It For $200 | Daily Mail Online

“Godzilla” gone: Iguana, Los-Angeles-area pet store mascot, stolen; thief caught on tape – CBS News

Paramount Pet Entertainment’s store in Los Angeles appealed for help after its mascot, the seven-year-old reptile, was stolen in broad daylight on Monday. Store surveillance cameras captured video of a man reaching down and stealing the three-foot lizard up from the store’s courtyard just after 12.30pm. Media coverage of the theft helped lead to Godzilla’s return after a nearby pet shop owner who bought the lizard for $200 saw the news and gave it back, Paramount Pet’s Holly Cepeda told Daily Mail Online. Scroll down for video Godzilla the iguana has been returned to Paramount Pet Entertainment’s store in Los Angeles by a nearby pet shop owner after being stolen Monday A man was caught on camera dipping down to the ground and stealing Godzilla from the store owned by Holly Cepeda and her family The lizard was sold to a store 15 minutes from Mrs Cepeda’s for $200 and returned after the buyer realized it was stolen The store appealed for help in identifying the thief, who took the iguana back to his Dodge Charger before entering another shop ‘My whole family is happy,’ the store owner said after she saw the lizard again and it crawled up her husband’s leg.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2939869/Have-seen-lizard-Man-caught-camera-stealing-iguana-named-Godzilla-LA-pet-store-broad-daylight.html

Mrs Cepeda said that the thief had been seen with an iguana two hours before they made a police report

“She actually puts up a fight,” the iguana’s owner Holly Cepeda told the station. “She scratches him, she whips him, and he still picks her up and takes her.” After carrying the iguana to his car, the man then goes inside another business to buy a T-shirt before eventually driving away in his Dodge Charger. “She’s worth a lot more than what he could get for her,” Cepeda said.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.cbsnews.com/news/godzilla-gone-iguana-stolen-from-pet-store/

Iguana Yachts to present the Iguana 29 Exclusive in Dubai – Events – SuperyachtTimes.com

Cheers 46

Noise vibration has been minimised on board through the use of lightweight acoustic underfloor panels as well as a hydrodynamic optimised hull. Further personalisation of the Iguana 29 Exclusive includes the opportunity to choose from 101 possible colour combinations arranged by the French design agency, Fritsch & Durisotti. In addition, the new owner can also choose from eight different deckings, as well as the surface materials of the handrails and ski mast. CEO of Iguana Yachts, Antoine Brugidou, comments on the exhibition of the Iguana 29 Exclusive at the Dubai International Boat Show this year, stating, In 2013 and 2014 we participated to many luxury boat shows and private events… We built our first Exclusive Iguana 29 for a very prestigious client from Middle East. It has been followed by a few others but we have never had a chance to present an Iguana 29 Exclusive as these clients prefer discretion and confidentiality.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.superyachttimes.com/editorial/9/article/id/13788

Reach Out And Touch An Alien? Movies Offer Little Guidance – Yahoo News

Current rules allow park rangers to ticket anyone setting foot on an unauthorized trail. The fine ranges from $50 to $500, Norton said. That is not to say unauthorized trails can be ignored. To prevent erosion, volunteers from the Laguna Canyon Foundation planted laurel sumac, lemonade berry and California sagebrush along the Lizard Trail’s border while crews strategically embedded rocks in the dirt to funnel rainwater to either side.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.coastlinepilot.com/news/tn-cpt-me-0213-new-trail-20150212,0,3106515.story

Coast Wilderness Park may get first official trail in decades – Coastline Pilot

Bad alien: The creatures of “Alien.” Lizard-like with daggers for teeth. With a propensity for protruding from stomachs, they will kill your appetite, too. Good alien: Yoda. Wise, long-eared Jedi master. Only a threat to the Dark Side or to the syntactically sensitive, he is.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://news.yahoo.com/reach-touch-alien-movies-offer-little-guidance-203000639.html

DailyTech – Anonymous vs. the ISIS Cyber Caliphate — War in the Middle East Goes Digital

BREAKING: We’ve targeted hundreds of social media accounts belonging to #ISIS members and erased them. #OpIceISIS https://t.co/HQKKdmIrx1 Operation Ice ISIS (@OpIceISIS) February 11, 2015 The group recently targeted the wife of a U.S. Marine, hacking her Twitter account and issuing several threatening tweets: “While your president and your husband are killing our brothers in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan we’re coming for you,” one published tweet said. Another message read: “We know everything about you, your husband and your children and were much closer than you can even imagine. Youll see no mercy infidel!” Trying to intimidate families of US military personnel may be worth more headlines than anything else, according to military experts. These types of threats can be seen as “shocking at first,” but help create stronger solidarity, according to Lori Falkner Volkman, CEO of the military-focused Trajectory Communications firm. The Cyber Caliphate also recently hijacked the Twitter feed of Newsweek ( @Newsweek ), publishing intimidating messages before the news group regained control of the account. Attempts to determine the identities of Cyber Caliphate members is difficult, but some wonder if the Lizard Squad the annoying group responsible for bringing down Xbox Live and PlayStation Network on Christmas Day are somehow involved. US and European political leaders suspect Junaid Hussain, a British man suspected to be in Syria, could be leading the Cyber Caliphate. Hussain is 20-years-old and was briefly imprisoned for hacking Prime Minister Tony Blair before moving to Syria. Junaid Hussain, a UK hacker who fled to Syria, is suspected of leading the Cyber Caliphate. [Image Source: Twitter/@abuhussain102] Hussain was allegedly involved when the Cyber Caliphate hacked the US Department of Defense ‘s Central Command (CENTCOM) Twitter feed and YouTube account. He is reportedly responsible for recruiting hackers sympathetic to ISIS to assist in new cyberattacks.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.dailytech.com/Anonymous+vs+the+ISIS+Cyber+Caliphate++War+in+the+Middle+East+Goes+Digital/article37154.htm